sursumursa:

madmaudlingoes:

jethroq:

pterobat:

naamahdarling:

did-you-kno:

Source

Wolves fighting for dominance as a “thing” came from observation of captive packs.  Observation of genuinely wild packs has revealed that it is not, in fact, a “thing.”

Y’hear that, ya dumbass modern werewolf writers?

hear that, self-styled “alpha males”?

They weren’t even captive packs, they were a bunch of unrelated wolves shoved together in too-small a space.

So if you’re an ‘alpha wolf’ then you are, in point of fact, not the noble, fierce and imposing leader of a group who respects you, but a scared wild creature with no social support frantically lashing out at strangers to try and gain some semblance of control over a fundamentally uncontrollable environment?
Huh.
That would explain a few things.

sursumursa:

madmaudlingoes:

jethroq:

pterobat:

naamahdarling:

did-you-kno:

Source

Wolves fighting for dominance as a “thing” came from observation of captive packs.  Observation of genuinely wild packs has revealed that it is not, in fact, a “thing.”

Y’hear that, ya dumbass modern werewolf writers?

hear that, self-styled “alpha males”?

They weren’t even captive packs, they were a bunch of unrelated wolves shoved together in too-small a space.

So if you’re an ‘alpha wolf’ then you are, in point of fact, not the noble, fierce and imposing leader of a group who respects you, but a scared wild creature with no social support frantically lashing out at strangers to try and gain some semblance of control over a fundamentally uncontrollable environment?

Huh.

That would explain a few things.

Shared 18 hours ago, with 22,229 notes » via stele3 - © source
# wolf   # wolves   # wolf pack  


cinnamonveins:

survival guide to the wolf in sheep clothing amongst bigger wolves

cinnamonveins:

survival guide to the wolf in sheep clothing amongst bigger wolves

Shared 1 day ago, with 3,098 notes » via romanathellama - © source
# wolf   # wolves  


How Byzantines Dealt With Werewolves

fuckyeahbyzantines:

evolutiontopeacefulmystic:

A new article explores how Byzantine doctors treated people those suffering from lycanthropy, a mental disorder where a patient believes he or she is, or has transformed into, a wolf and behaves like one. This disease is the basis for the legendary werewolves.

In “Lycanthropy in Byzantine times (AD 330–1453),” four scholars from the University of Athens examine the writings of six Byzantine physicians to see what they believed lycanthropy was and how it should be treated.

Oribasius, a 4th century physician to the Emperor Julian the Apostate, described lycanthropy if his work Synagogae Medicae:

On Lycanthropy. Persons affected by lycanthropy go out at night time and wander among the tombs. You can recognize them from the following signs: they are pale with dry, dull and hollow eyes, without tears, the tongue extremely dry and without saliva. They are very thirsty and their legs are covered with scars from frequent stumbling. You must know that lycanthropy is a type of melancholy that must be treated by bloodletting until fainting, and offering an appropriate diet and baths with sweet water. Purgation by the hiera of colocynth must be applied twice or three times, and then use the viper theriaca and the other healing methods for melancholy. When the disease is approaching, you must sedate the patient by the use of wet compresses and administration of opium, rubbing the ears and the nostrils, a somniferous method.

Other medical writers also give similar symptons to this disorder. Michael Psellus, an important 11th century Byzantine philosopher and historian, briefly describes the illness in verse in his work Carmen de Re Medica:

Lycanthropy is a status of melancholy
Meaning at the same time misanthropy.
You recognize the affected man
Running around the tombs at night time
Pale, dry, sad and careless of his appearance.

Even the 14th century writer, Johannes Actuarius, has a similar description of the disease:

Lycanthropy is a kind of melancholy making the affected persons wander at night-time, visiting the tombs and the deserts like wolves, and come back in the morning as their human figure and stay at home. In any case, they have ulcerated legs and feet because of falls on stones and thorns; they have dry eyes and tongue and feeble vision. Some patients fear death while others desire it. Some patients avoid speaking and remain silent and sad while others try to converse with people.

The writers of the article note that these Byzantine physicians saw lycanthropy as a type of melacholy or mania, and that change into an animal was the patient’s delusional fantasy. Byzantine medical writers often dealt with mental disorders in their works, including epilepsy, frenzy, dementia, melancholy, mania, lethargy, insomnia, depression and paranoia.

The article also compared these views with those from Western Europe during the Middle Ages and Early Modern periods, where it was seen as some kind of divine curse or demonic possession, and reacted by killing people who acted like wolves. Others believed they were heretics like witches, leading some authorities to go on campaigns to arrest and execute them. One 16th century French judge was responsible for burning over 600 witches and werewolves.

The article notes that a Byzantine emperor, Justin II (AD 565–578) may have suffered from this mental disorder. From the first years of his reign, Justin showed signs of a severe psychiatric illness, which included walking around the palace barking or mewing, and imitating dogs’ and cats’ behaviour. The emperor also threw objects out of the palace windows during his explosions of wrath and on one occasion demanded that Orthodox Patriarch wear a woman’s hat.

The article “Lycanthropy in Byzantine times (AD 330–1453)”, by E. POULAKOU-REBELAKOU, C. TSIAMIS, G. PANTELEAKOS1 and D. PLOUMPIDIS, is found in Volume 20, Issue 4 of the journal History of Psychiatry (2009).

Of all the things I expected to see today, this was not among them.  Fascinating read.

Shared 1 day ago, with 128 notes » via oreides - © source
# byzantium   # werewolf   # werewolves   # mental health  


otter-wraith:

Imagine baby werewolves for a second

Like little babies able to turn into little tiny werewolves

And they act like puppies instead of vicious monsters that eat anything that moves

Little balls of fluff squeak-howling at the moon and play fighting with teddy bears and each other and just. LICKING. EVERY. MOVING. THING.

IMAGINE BABY WEREWOLVES

Shared 1 day ago, with 7,438 notes » via vrabia - © source
# werewolf   # werewolves   # babies  


mossfellow:

"Werewolves Finding an Abandoned Car" 2014

mossfellow:

"Werewolves Finding an Abandoned Car" 2014

Shared 2 days ago, with 4,506 notes » via uglymandias - © source
# werewolf   # werewolves  


Shared 2 days ago, with 772,337 notes » via romanathellama - © source
# moon   # moon phases  


Shared 2 days ago, with 16,696 notes » via maibeitsmayberlline - © source
# wolf   # wolves  


Shared 2 days ago, with 82 notes » via secretsaremysanity - © source
# bigby wolf   # gif   # gifset   # the wolf among us   # fables  


cloodiedraws:

Drawin ocs in life drawing. Hell yea

cloodiedraws:

Drawin ocs in life drawing. Hell yea

Shared 3 days ago, with 41 notes » via cloodiedraws - © source
# wolfgirl   # monster girls   # werewolf   # werewolves  


glittermilkgallery:

Karina Rehrbehn Sticker SheetBuy Stickers HereStickers only available until May 4th

glittermilkgallery:

Karina Rehrbehn Sticker Sheet

Buy Stickers Here

Stickers only available until May 4th

Shared 3 days ago, with 40 notes » via glittermilkgallery - © source
# monsters   # stickers   # werewolf